Points of a horse

  • The Back: this is the area where the saddle sits. It begins at the base of the withers and extends to the last thoracic vertebrae
  • The Barrel: the main body area of the horse, enclosing the rib cage and the major internal organs
  • Cannon Bone: The area between the knee or hock and the fetlock joint
  • Chestnut: a small calloused are on the inside of each leg
  • Chin Groove: the part of the horse’s head behind the lower lip and chin.
  • Coronet Band: a ring of soft tissue just above the hoof
  • The Crest: the top part of the neck under the mane
  • The Croup: the top of the hindquarters, from the hip to the dock
  • The Dock: base of the tail where it connects to hindquarters
  • The Elbow: Front leg joint where the belly meets the leg
  • The Ergot: a calloused area on the back of the fetlock
  • The Fetlock: a horses ankle joint. The tuft of hair between the cannon bone and pastern bone
  • The Flank: Where the hind legs and the barrel of the horse meet
  • The Forearm: the area of the front leg between the knee and elbow
  • The Forelock: where the mane hangs between the ears onto the forehead
  • The Frog: the dark wedge-shaped area on the underside of the hoof (not labelled)
  • The Gaskin: the large muscle on the hind leg, above the hock & below the stifle
  • The Girth: the area behind the elbow of the horse, where the girth is fastened (not labelled)
  • The Hindquarters: the large muscular area of the hind legs above the stifle
  • The Hock: the large joint on the hind leg equivalent of the human ankle and heel
  • The Hoof: the horses foot
  • The Jugular Groove: the indentation on the lower part of the neck just above the windpipe (not labelled)
  • The Knee: the large joint in the front legs above the cannon bone
  • The Loin: the area behind the saddle, from last rib to the croup
  • The Mane: long hair growing from the crest of the neck (not labelled)
  • The Muzzle: the chin, mouth and nostrils of the horse
  • The Pastern Joint: between the coronet and the fetlock
  • The Poll: joint at the beginning of the horse’s neck immediately behind the ears
  • Splint Bones: found on the legs either side of the cannon bone (not labelled)
  • The Shoulder: from the withers to the point of shoulder
  • The Stifle: between femur and tibia equivalent to the human knee
  • The Tail: the dock and hair growing from it
  • The Throatlatch: where the windpipe meets the head on the underside of the jaw
  • Withers: the highest point just above the top of the shoulder blades. Horse height is measured at the withers